linux环境下安装mysql8详细过程

发布于2019-11-27  216次阅读


打开网址:https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/,选择MySQL Yum Repository 安装

2.选择 Linux 7,复制下载链接 https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql80-community-release-el7-3.noarch.rpm

1.配置mysql8安装源,后面为刚才复制的链接
sudo rpm -Uvh https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql80-community-release-el7-3.noarch.rpm

2.安装Mysql 8.0
sudo yum --enablerepo=mysql80-community install mysql-community-server

3.启动mysql服务
sudo service mysqld start

4.查看mysql服务运行状态
service mysqld status

5.查看root临时密码
grep "A temporary password" /var/log/mysqld.log

6.更改临时密码
输入:mysql -uroot -p
在Enter password:后面输入临时密码
登录成功
输入:ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'aafgghjaaa23@5n';
会提示:ERROR 1819 (HY000): Your password does not satisfy the current policy requirements(密码不符合当前策略)
方案1: 设置符合策略的密码(大小写字母+数据+符号)
方案2:密码策略改简单一点

8.修改mysql 配置
vim /etc/my.cnf

修改内容
datadir=/var/lib/mysql
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log
pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid

default_authentication_plugin=mysql_native_password

character-set-server=utf8
max_allowed_packet = 500M

[mysqldump]
column-statistics=0

9.开放远程连接

进入数据库
mysql -uroot -p
use mysql;

select host, user, authentication_string, plugin from user;

查看user表的root用户Host字段是localhost,说明root用户只能本地登录,现在把他改成远程登录

update user set host='%' where user='root';

exit;

10.添加防火墙规则
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=3306/tcp --permanent

重新加载配置
firewall-cmd --reload

11.决解连接错误,因为密码加密方式不同

ALTER USER 'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'aafgghjaaa23@5n';

刷新权限生效

flush privileges;

 

 


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